For those who would like to know, the universe was born on December 27th, 4977 B.C. according to Johannes Kepler; he was not only a German astronomer and mathematician but also considered to be a discoverer of modern science. Kepler is famous for his propositions that explain how planets move around.
Born on December 27th, 1571, Kepler grew up in Weil der Stadt, Germany. Later on, his education would go forward to becoming a university student in which he learned about Nicolaus Copernicus; he was a Polish astronomer who was well-known for his theories regarding the ordering of planets. Copernicus’ (1473-1543) theory was not well-received in the era since his view was that the earth was not the center of the universe; the prevailing view of the time was that it was the earth as the center of the universe and the sun revolved around it.
Kepler traveled to Prague in 1600 to work Tycho Brahe; he was a Danish astronomer who also happened to work for Rudolf II, the Holy Roman Empire’s emperor as his imperial mathematician. Researching the orbit of Mars became the main project for Kepler. When Brahe passed away a year later, Kepler was assigned to his job as well as being given Brahe’s extensive collection of data regarding astronomy; the data had been viewed by the naked eye in a painstaking manner. Throughout the next decade, Kepler studied the work of Galileo Galilei (1564-1642); he was an Italian astronomer and physicist who created a telescope; this device assisted him in discovering lunar craters and mountains as well as the phases of Venus, the biggest four satellites of Jupiter and other interesting things.
Kepler would communicate with Galileo and eventually acquire his own telescope while gradually worked on its’ design until he successfully improved on it. Kepler would publish two of his three laws of planetary motion in 1609 stating that planets travel around the sun in what are called ellipses and not in circles; this was what people believed in this era of time. The second was that planets will increase their speed when they get close to the sun while slowing down when moving away. His third law was published in 1619 that used principles of mathematics to state the time one planet would take to officially orbit the sun with the average distance the planet is from the sun.
While the research of Kepler was not quickly widespread to gain traction throughout the time of his living, it would eventually become as a key influence to Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727); he was an English mathematician who is known for his law regarding gravitational force. Also, Kepler’s work became valuable in areas of optics that included showing how the human eye works and in math. His death occurred in Regensberg, Germany on November 15th, 1630. With regards to the birthday of the universe that Kepler had calculated, scientists would create the Big Bang theory in the 20th century that determined his figures were off by a mere 13.7 billion years.